Limiting the export of some plastic products is co

2022-08-05
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Restricting the export of some plastic products is conducive to optimizing the industrial structure.

since last year, the state has frequently recited the mantra on the export of plastic products. From September 15, 2006, when the state reduced the export tax rebate rate of plastic products from 13% to 11%, to July 1 this year, when the export tax rebate rate was reduced to 5%, and then to July 23, when the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs listed plastic products in the newly added export catalogue of restricted processing trade, it is not difficult to see that the intention of the state's policy regulation is very clear: to restrict the export of a large number of plastic products

objectively speaking, a large number of plastic products have been exported, which has not only earned a large amount of foreign exchange for the country, but also solved the employment problem of millions of people, and contributed to the economic development of the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta. So, why should the state turn on the red light frequently for the export of plastic products

first, to alleviate the contradiction between supply and demand of plastic raw materials. The production of plastic raw materials in China has been insufficient, and the degree of dependence on foreign countries is generally high. In recent years, with the completion and operation of several major ethylene projects and the rapid growth of PVC production capacity by calcium carbide process, the self-sufficiency rate of plastic raw materials has increased, but the current external dependence is still more than 43%. While a large number of plastic raw materials are imported, a large number of plastic products are exported every year, and the products exported are mainly products with low added value and low technical content. In 2006, the total import volume of China's five major synthetic resins reached 13.387 million tons, and the export volume of plastic products reached 13.5302 million tons in that year. A large number of plastic products are exported, which intensifies the contradiction between supply and demand of domestic plastic raw materials. In the case of high external dependence, it is very easy to cause market fluctuations. Statistics show that since 2002, the price of international plastic raw materials has fluctuated by about 80%, and the price of domestic plastic raw materials has fluctuated by more than 120%. The sharp fluctuation and rise in the price of plastic raw materials has increased the cost and profits of plastic processing enterprises, and increased the operational risk, which is very detrimental to the healthy development of the whole industry

second, to optimize the structure of export products and reduce trade friction. Since 2001, the average annual growth rate of China's plastic products exports has exceeded 13%, the average annual growth rate of exports has exceeded 25%, and the trade surplus has been expanding. However, the huge export of PP accounts for 17%[3] and the trade surplus can not hide the fact that we win by quantity and export mainly low-end, low-tech and low value-added products. Take the export of plastic products from Guangdong Province in 2006 as an example. In that year, the average price of plastic products exported from Guangdong Province was $1546/ton, a year-on-year increase of 14.5%. In the same period, the price of plastic raw materials increased by more than 30% year-on-year. Winning by quantity and exporting have also subverted the industrial development model. China and Mongolia are low value-added products of the comprehensive strategic partnership. The direct consequence is that while we provide high-quality and low-cost plastic products for the international market, we are frequently subject to anti-dumping measures. On april8,2005, the South African International Trade Administration Commission launched an anti-dumping investigation on PS and some products originating from China, India and other countries; From August 30, 2006, the European Commission will implement anti-dumping measures against plastic bags originating in China and Thailand for a period of five years; On july19,2007, the U.S. Department of Commerce issued a notice, deciding to carry out anti-dumping investigation and countervailing investigation on composite woven bags originating in China. If we do not change the growth mode of foreign trade and optimize the structure of export products, I am afraid that we will encounter more and more trade frictions, the profits of export enterprises will be thinner and thinner, and the development space will be smaller and smaller

the third is to narrow the gap between the East and the West. Compared with general trade, processing trade enjoys certain tax preference. Relying on its unique geographical advantages, the eastern region has witnessed an exceptionally rapid development of processing trade in recent years, which has driven the rapid development of the local economy. However, the environment and resource capacity in the eastern region are nearly saturated, and the competition among enterprises is very fierce. However, the processing trade in the central and western regions lags behind, with large capacity of environmental resources and large market demand, so there is great room for development. By guiding the eastern enterprises to transfer to the central and western regions through policies, we can not only reduce the pressure on the environment and resources in the eastern region, but also promote the development of the central and western regions and narrow the gap between the East and the West

fourth, to reasonably allocate and effectively use resources. In addition to raw materials, wangliping, deputy general manager of Tongling jingsai Electronics Co., Ltd., the largest energy in the plastic processing industry, said that the consumption is electricity. The characteristic of China's power supply is that the west is rich and the East is poor. By adopting a series of export restriction measures and adopting different policies between the East and the west, whether it is eliminating some backward production capacity or guiding the East enterprises to move to the west, it will reduce the power supply pressure in the eastern region, transform the resource advantages of the West into economic advantages, and promote the common development of the eastern and western regions

therefore, the national macro-control is reasonable. The majority of plastic processing enterprises should change their ideas as soon as possible, achieve product upgrading and structural adjustment through technology investment and scientific and technological research, and strive for better and faster development after a short period of pain

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